marks the first day of Diwali. On October 22
, the Dhanteras Puja Muhurta will be observed from 7:00 pm to 08:17 pm
. It was on this day that the better half of Shri Vishnu, his consort, Maa Lakshmi, along with the other gems, appeared from the roaring waves of the gargantuan ocean. Constituting the eternal trio with Maa Kali and Maa Saraswati
, she, along with Bhagwan Vishnu, governs the eternal affairs of both the seen and hidden worlds.
In Krishna Paksha or the dark fortnight of Kartika
(October-November), on the thirteenth day (Trayodashi; trayo-three, dashi-ten; the total coming to the thirteenth day), Maa Lakshmi, the form of Shakti, along with Dhanwantri, is venerated by their devotees for both health and opulence, as wealth would do no good if mind and body are dampened or deprived of their essential vitality.
Hindus believe Maa Lakshmi to be of two types; the one seated on a full-bloomed lotus, the 'Goddess' herself, and the other, the 'Dhandayi,' or the bestower of riches. Along with the pure embodiment of the Goddess, it is the Dhandayi Maa Lakshmi in the form of silver and gold coinage that is glorified on Dhanteras. It is believed the buying of gold and silver on Dhanteras imparts the 'Lakshmi Tattva' with the necessary momentum, making her primly active. Also, the sur and taal of the bhajans sung by her admirers lure her to the devotee’s houses.
When the accumulated wealth, or Lakshmi, is channeled to the path of benevolence, it not only adds to the piles of earthly riches but also mysteriously inflates the pitcher of sublime karma that each one carries on his shoulders; it is considered the ultimate wealth for an earthly mortal!
It is the day when the homes and their precincts are thoroughly cleaned and decorated with fairy lights and rangoli
; the traditional patterns, consisting of flowers and other geometric designs, are made; on this day, they chiefly constitute the images of Shri Krishna
and Bhagwan Shiva
. Shri Krishna is the 'Poornavatar' of Bhagwan Vishnu and Mahadev, revered as the Mahakaal.
Along with Lakshmi Pujan, the God of Health, Dhanwantri is invoked and the 'Naivedya', or sweets typically consisting of coriander seeds with jaggery, is offered in Maharashtra. Dhanteras splodges prosperity and is considered the most auspicious day of the year to make good purchases in the form of gold jewelry and automobiles.