Shravan Month 2022: Significance, Rituals & Important Days

Shravan 2022
Shravan or Savan is an important month for Hindus. It usually falls in the months of July - August of the Gregorian calendar. This year it is commencing from July 14th and will end on August 13th. Apart from having religious significance and many festivals, this month is also a critical time of the monsoon season.

Significance of Shravan Month:

According to Vishnu Purana, an ancient Vedic text, it was during the month of Shravan that Lord Shiva ingested the poison that came out of the waters during the Samudra Mantha - the churning of the Ocean of Milk. This act of Lord Shiva saved the world from destruction. This is why the Shravan month is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Devotees and believers who pray to Lord Shiva during this month and observe a fast on Mondays - the day dedicated to him, are blessed with good health and prosperity.
As per another legend, Shravan is also the month when Devi Parvati meditated, prayed, fasted, and followed an austere lifestyle to be united with Lord Shiva. So this month is also important for those seeking a life partner. It is believed that young girls who fast on the 16 Mondays, starting from the first Monday of Shravan month, will be blessed with a good life partner and a blissful married life. Those who are seeking the blessings of Maa Gauri or Devi Parvati can keep a fast on Tuesdays, the day that is dedicated to the goddess.

Important Rituals During Shravan Month:

Since Shravan is considered to be an auspicious month and is full of festivals and fasts, there are certain rituals that devotees follow to please the deities and gain their blessings:
  • Keeping the house and surroundings clean.
  • Abstaining from liquor or smoking.
  • Fasting on special days. Some of the common days on which devotees keep a fast are - Mondays for Lord Shiva, Fridays for Goddess Lakshmi, and Saturdays for Lord Shani.
  • Those who do not keep a fast try to follow a strict vegetarian and a sattvic diet.
  • Visit the temple every day, especially Lord Shiva’s temple. Those who can’t go daily, try to go to the temple on Mondays to pray and give the Shiv ling a snan of Ganga jal, milk, raw rice, sugar, til, curd, ghee, and chandan. After the snan, they offer flowers, dhatura, and bel patra, and a prasad of sweets and fruits, and janeu (thread) clothes and dakshina (money) to the Lord. Devotees also chant Om Namah Shivaya Mantra 108 times.
  • The Kanwar yatra takes place during this month. Devotees travel to the holy rivers to bring water from there and offer it to the Shiv ling.

The Important Days in Shravan Month:

There are many important days and festivals in this month. Each festival has its own significance and ritual.
1. Shravan Mondays: Hindus dedicate Monday to Lord Shiva. In Shravan, devotees keep a fast on Mondays to seek blessings from the lord for good health and prosperity. Young girls also start the Solah Somvar Vrat (Fast for 16 Mondays) on the first Monday of Shravan. This fast is kept to gain a good husband and enjoy a blissful marital life. Married women and men also keep this fast to pray for a harmonious marital relationship and the good health of their spouse.

2. Shravan Fridays: Fridays are devoted to Goddess Lakshmi. In Shravan, devotees keep a fast on Fridays to seek blessings from the Goddess for wealth and abundance. This fast starts on the first Friday of Shravan and ends on the last Friday of the month. This year there are five Fridays in the month of Shravan.

3. Shravan Saturdays: Saturdays are dedicated for Shani Dev. in Shravan devotees or those going through the sade sati or Shani dasa keep a fast on Saturday to appease the taskmaster and seek his forgiveness and ask for blessings. Every Saturday they visit the Shani temple, offer oil, whole urad dal, and sindoor to Shani Dev, and chant the Shani Chalisa. Male devotees also refrain from shaving or cutting their hair on Saturdays. The fast starts on the first Saturday of Shravan and is kept for the next 15 Saturdays.

4. Kamika Ekadashi: This year it is falling on July 24th. Ekadashi is devoted to Lord Vishnu and it is believed that those who keep a fast on this ekadashi will gain liberation from their sins and gain mukti. It is also known as Pavitra Ekadashi.

5. Hariyali Teej: Teej is one of the main festivals of Hindus. There are three teej celebrations during the year. Hariyali teej or Shravan teej celebrates Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. This festival and fast is mainly kept by the women to pray for a happy marital life. In many parts of India, mother-in-laws give gifts and sweets to their daughter-in-laws. This year it will be celebrated on July 31st.

6. Nag Panchami: This year Nag Panchmi will fall on August 2nd. On this day, devotees worship Lord Shiva and the serpent gods to seek protection from snakes and snake bites. They offer milk and milk sweets, and flowers, and chandan to snakes (live snake or a snake made of silver or to the one wrapped around the Shiv ling).

7. Shravan Putrada Ekadashi: In this Ekadashi vrat, married couples desirous of begetting a son worship Lord Vishnu for his blessings. Couples who already have children observe a fast to seek Lord Vishu’s blessings for their children. This year it falls on August 8th.

8. Raksha Bandhan: Also known as Rakhi, this is a major festival for the Hindus. On this day sisters tie a rakhi/thread on their brother’s wrist and pray for his good health and long life. In return, the brother promises to protect his sister from any harm or ills that may befall her. This year Rakhsha Bandhan will be celebrated on August 11th.

9. Nariyal Purnima: While Purnima is celebrated across the country, the Nariyal Purnima marks the end of the monsoon. It has a special significance for the fishermen community. From this Purnima onward the fishermen can go out to sea for fishing. They offer coconuts to the Varun dev and to the sea and ask for blessings to keep them safe. This year it is being celebrated on August 12th.

10. Vara Lakshmi Vrat: Another festival is celebrated on August 12th is the Vara Lakshmi Vrat. As the name indicates, this fast is to please Goddess Lakshmi and seek blessings from her for wealth, prosperity, and abundance.

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